Kumari Kandam, a Tamil Story


Last night my hubby showed me a post on kumari kandam which was on his facebook time line( we have a combined facebook profile). I then decided to do a search on this article and all i could find. So let me put here below what the fuss is about

It used to be one huge land mass to the south of today’s Indian peninsula extending from Kanyakumari in the north, and its sides touching as far to the west as Madagascar and as far to the east as Australia.This huge continent of the Tamil people was called Kumari Kandam or the Lemuria continent that was swallowed by the seas, and eventually lost forever

Here is a snap shot of the view shown in History Channel

I am quite suprised that most of google searches that came out were from blogs rather where the authors were Tamilians.I must admit, I did not agree with some of the arguments they presented, but they were very compelling. I then later came to this blog which mentioned one of the theories which i agree to some extend scientifically.

“The idea of Lemuria was invented due to the influence of the then prevailing mood in the scientific community. Philip Sclator, who discovered Lemuria, was doing research on animals and their habitat. Greatly influenced by Darwin’s Theory of Evolution, he was engaged in research in Madagascar Islands in the African shores of the Indian Ocean. While doing so, he discovered the similarities of the living beings there with those in India. His research was in fossils of animals in Madagascar. He found them not to have any relationship with those in nearby Africa; but related to those found in distant India. Therefore he concluded that including Madagascar, there should have been one large landscape of the Indian peninsula. On that basis he proposed the continent of Lemuria.

His theory was that the animals which lived in the same landscape got separated, during the Continental drift.

Such a separation affecting India could not have taken place in the recent thousands of years, but should have occurred Millions of years back, according to science. But seeing that old Tamil literature indicated the submerged lands of Kumari and Kollam of Thennan‘s (ancient Pandyan) country, the Tamilians started clinging to the Lemuria theory and are still holding on to it. Multi discipline scientific researches, however, indicate that such a large landscape could not have got submerged. If one land mass submerges, another will raise elsewhere. Examining the contours of Indian Ocean it is inferred that it would take hundreds of thousands of years for such a large landmass to get submerged.

Today Science has already discarded Lemuria theory as an improbable one. But Tamilians are still holding on to that theory. Perhaps, if they try to understand how Madagascar and India were connected, there could be a change of heart.”

The final thoughts by the author on this issue is written below

The point that is made out from this is that various people of various regions in the submerged lands of Tamils were connected with the rest of India.There was no continent of Lemuria in the Indian Ocean. On one section of the Indian Ocean, the submerged Kumari or Malaya mountain enabled people to move from Madagascar to Western ghat to and fro.

The regions scattered on the Indian Ocean were not called as Kumari- kandam in any ancient Tamil text. There is reference only to the Kumari mountain range. There was a Kumari river in the ancient land of Pandyans. There is repeated reference to Pandyans as Southerners (Thennan or Thennavan) making us think that they lived in the region south of the Equator. There is a connection between Kumari and Southern hemisphere. In Sanskrit language, Southern region and South Pole were called asKumeru while North and North Pole were called as Sumeru. Kumari is perhaps a transformation ofKumeru which indicated south.

By this name it is deduced that Kumari extended to Deep South where we can locate the SouthMadurai that existed before the 1st Great Floods that occurred at the end of Ice Age. That period calculated on the basis of number of years for all the 3 Sangam Assemblages (Tamil literary assemblages) as told by the 10th century Nakkeeranaar in his commentary to Irayanar kalaviyal, puts the beginning of Sangam age at 12000 years before present. That was the time Tamil was refined with grammar.”

The above are some of the  reasons why i agree with the author.  You may disagree with the author above and i would love to hear your suggestions and feedback on this Kumari Kandam story.



15 thoughts on “Kumari Kandam, a Tamil Story

  1. Here is the reference from Tamil Literature on Kumarikkanadam .
    There are scattered references in Sangam literature, such as Kalittokai 104, to how the sea took the land of the Pandiyan kings, upon which they conquered new lands to replace those they had lost.[1] There are also references to the rivers Pahruli and Kumari, that are said to have flowed in a now-submerged land.[2] The Silappadhikaram, one of the Five Great Epics of Tamil Literature written in first few centuries CE, states that the “cruel sea” took the Pandiyan land that lay between the rivers Pahruli and the mountainous banks of the Kumari, to replace which the Pandiyan king conquered lands belonging to the Chola and Chera kings (Maturaikkandam, verses 17-22). Adiyarkkunallar, a 12th century commentator on the epic, explains this reference by saying that there was once a land to the south of the present-day Kanyakumari, which stretched for 700 kavatam from the Pahruli river in the north to the Kumari river in the south. As the modern equivalent of a kavatam is unknown, estimates of the size of the lost land vary from 1,400 miles (2,300 km) to 7,000 miles (11,000 km) in length, to others suggesting a total area of 6-7,000 square miles, or smaller still an area of just a few villages.[3](wiki)
    The name Kumarikkandam was given in the Kndapuranalater.
    However the areas mentioned do get a reference in Tamil literature but the name may not be mentioned.
    ‘kandam’ is the name assigned to a large Mass with similar customs and Manners.
    For more on the history of Tamils refer PT Srinivasa Iyengar ‘History of Tamils’ ,Abbe A.J.Dubois’s Book On Hindu Manners Costoms and Practices.www.ramanan50.wordpress.com

  2. Pingback: Lemuria Home Of Tamils In Ramayana ,Mahabharata | Ramani's blog

    • I did visit your blog and i read it. I am not denying any facts which may have been published in any books but for me i am totally confused when you said Ramayana. Whats confusing here is as you maybe aware there are different versions of Ramayana and depending on how you interpret it. Could it be that the interpretation of whats being written is wrongly done.If there was an island before then why is it not being established world wide!!

      • Do u know about yazhpanam library where more than 97000 books and manuscripts are burnt down by a srilankan…
        There could be proofs in those books, but they are destroyed intensionally…


  4. There are ample proofs in tholkaapiam, paripadal, purananuru and silapathikaram to prove there exists a mass land at the south of present kanniyakumari. All the 3 tamil sangams were conducted at this land only. It was not submerged into sea otherwise there would not be a word in tamil (Kadal kole)..Not entirely.. there are continental drift also..due to this drift that the present land mass Goa get connected to north India and this is the reason for ermegency of himalays.I like your mentioned as “sumeru”and “kumerau”…It takes me to sumerians..(they also old tamils).

  5. Lemuria is a tip of an iceberg . There are innumerable theories both confirming and denying the existence of this continent. There are legitimate works published by the university of California press ,that support the existence of this continent . The size of this continent and the actual map however may not be the same as the one shown above.

    I understand why you are pressed about this theory . You are a Malayalee and you cannot stand the fact that your neighbouring state is receiving some good press. I know , I am a Malayalee too. At some level we Malayalees tend to fall victims to such theories too. The problem is ,we believe only in theories that shows Kerala as the best state and throw stones at everything else. Peace out sister . Lemuria is not our problem .

    • Thank you remya for the comments.
      I would be glad to read the published work by California press on this issue. Being an indian i am more concerned about the history of India which was never heard of during my school days. What i only said here was i agreed on the author whos ideas i agree with currently.

  6. Whenever there s a post about tamils here, there are negative responses frm other people.. Why s tat so?? First search about tat topic in all sites n then try to get more information about tat!!
    We will hope tat our marine scientists will give believable facts on kumari kandam..

  7. Literature by the nature of it combines facts and imagination especially to please the emperor or the king of the time. Once an author or a poet has proposed an idea, others can build on that idea and create more literary work. This by itself is not a proof that something existed or not. Consider the Valmiki Ramayana (which I believe is the original) and Kamba Ramayana, Tulsi Ramayana, and many others. Though the main story line remains the same, there are lots of variations, expressions modified to suit the beauty of the language it is being presented in.
    We have to have a way of separating facts and imaginations in the physical world. If that is not the case, then in some future generation people will believe in the existence of Hogwarts school of Wizardry.

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